#### 1

A number series where each number is equal to the sum of the two previous numbers is called what?

A Fibonacci Sequence

#### 2

What is the mathematical name for the number or hash tag sign?

An Octothorpe

#### 3

Though known as Arabic numerals, the numbers used in mathematics originated in what country?

They originated in India around 700 AD.

#### 4

Who was the most prolific mathematician in history, publishing over 50 papers per year when the average mathematician published 5?

Leonhard Euler

#### 5

Which mathematician's "Thirteen Books of the Elements" birthed the modern approach to mathematics?

Euclid of Alexandria

#### 6

Which function involving partial differential equations allows us to extend the definition of the factorial to fractions and negative numbers?

The Gamma Function

#### 7

What is the name of the line between the numerator and the denominator in a fraction?

Vinculum

#### 8

What Hebrew letter is used to denote a specific size of infinity?

Aleph

#### 9

What critical component of Newton's formulation of calculus was not formally verified until Abraham Robinson published "Non-Standard Analysis" in 1966?

The existence of infinitesimals

#### 10

What mathematical object, similar to but different from a matrix, is needed to define the topology of a non-Euclidean space?

The metric tensor

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